1.1 Outline the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting
You should refer to the EYFS Framework which gives full and up-to-date information on health & safety in the setting.
Other policy which will give guidance:
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974: The purpose of this act is to promote, stimulate and encourage high standards of health and safety at work. It protects not only all people at work – whether employers, employees, or self employed – but also the health and safety of the general public who may be affected by work activities.
COSHH: COSHH is the law that requires employers to control substances that are hazardous to health. You can prevent or reduce workers exposure to hazardous substances by:
- finding out what the health hazards are;
- deciding how to prevent harm to health (risk assessment);
- providing control measures to reduce harm to health;
- making sure they are used ;
- keeping all control measures in good working order;
- providing information, instruction and training for employees and others;
- providing monitoring and health surveillance in appropriate cases;
- planning for emergencies.
Care Standards Act 2000: The job of regulating the independent health and care sector by health authorities and local authorities has now been taken over by the National Care Standards Commission (NCSC) who became responsible for the registration and inspection of all care homes and private healthcare facilities in England. The purpose of the new regime is to create consistency in the interpretation of the legislation and the application of this to the independent health and care sector. Previously, where the function had been undertaken by the various health authorities, there was a significant variation across the country in the application and interpretation of the legislation and the intention is now to create some consistency through the NCSC. The Care Standards Act gives powers to the Secretary of State to publish national minimum standards (NMS)
Safeguarding of Vulnerable Adults: Any adult at risk of abuse, exploitation or neglect should be able to access support to enable them to live a life free from violence and abuse. Agencies and organisations will work co-operatively in the identification, investigation, treatment and prevention of abuse of vulnerable adults. As a carer it is part of my role to identify risk and manager risk. I must attend training and be able to recognise the signs and symptoms of abuse. In the event of a suspicion or allegation that a vulnerable adult is at risk of abuse, exploitation or neglect I must be aware of the correct procedures to follow and how to record and report it.
The aim of these legislations and codes of practice are to promote equality of opportunity and ensure inclusion for all, regardless of age, sex, sexuality, disability, race, religion or any other difference. The legislation sets out the “ground rules” for all care providers and workers, thereby ensuring all service users are treated the same, and no preferential treatment given to any one
Human rights Act 1998: Contains 16 basic rights which affect all aspects of human rights. The right to life:
- Freedom from torture and degrading treatment
- Freedom from slavery and forced labour
- The right to liberty
- The right to a fair trial
- The right not to be punished for something that wasn’t a crime when you did it
- The right to respect for private and family life
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and freedom to express your beliefs
- Freedom of expression
- Freedom of assembly and association
- The right to marry and to start a family
- The right not to be discriminated against in respect of these rights and freedoms
- The right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
- The right to an education
- The right to participate in free elections
- The right not to be subjected to the death penalty